Vietnam navy

Pb_user_/ October 2, 2012/ Vietnam navy/ comments

Since the Vietnam Warmost of Vietnamese vessels were supplied by the Soviet Union and presently by Russiawhile hundreds more were integrated into the navy after it was left over from South Vietnam although many have been decommissioned due to lack of parts.

However, due to rising tensions in the South China Seamany nearby nations such as Japan have shown support in developing Vietnam's Navy and Coast Guard. The Vietnam People's Navy is the branch of the Vietnam People's Army with the fastest modernisation as the Vietnamese government put it as a main priority, with constant improvement to its weapons, munitions and combat capability.

As the Vietnam People's Navy is responsible for protecting the nation's sovereignty and economic activities at sea, as well to repulse unauthorised foreign vessels intruding into Vietnamese waters, Vietnam's policy has considered the modernisation of the Navy a priority task in the overall military modernisation plan.

Vietnam War

The direction of building up the armed forces is one to follow the revolutionary spirit, regularisation and effectiveness and gradual modernisation. Within this context, the Navy, the Air Force, the Signal Corps and Electronic Warfare will proceed directly into modernisation to protect the country. US Navy Lt. Robert Gillenwater explains to Vietnamese Naval Officers the purpose of the diver's decompression chamber, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Vietnam People's Army. Retrieved 4 May Russia Beyond the Headlines. Retrieved 30 April VTC News. Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.

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Retrieved 29 April Defense News. Retrieved 11 June Soha News. Modern Firearms. Retrieved 25 April Archived from the original on 7 March The Firearm Blog. Retrieved 16 April Retrieved 17 April Defense Update. Naval Today. Archived from the original on 6 January BBC News. Defence Marketing Intelligence. Archived from the original on 24 April The Times of India. People's Army of Vietnam.Vietnam War—75a protracted conflict that pitted the communist government of North Vietnam and its allies in South Vietnam, known as the Viet Congagainst the government of South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States.

Tensions escalated into armed conflict between the two sides, and in U. John F. Kennedy chose to expand the military aid program.

The terms of this expansion included yet more funding and arms, but a key alteration was the commitment of U. Kennedy was assassinated inbut his successor, Lyndon B. Johnsoncontinued the work that Kennedy had started. Johnson raised the number of South Vietnam deployments to 23, U. Political turbulence there and two alleged North Vietnamese attacks on U.

It granted him broad latitude in handling the struggle against communism in Southeast Asia. By nearly every metric, the Vietnam War was, in the common sense of the word, a war.

The United States committed sometroops to the Vietnam front at the height of the conflict, suffered more than 58, casualties, and engaged in battle after battle with communist forces in the region until its eventual withdrawal in However, from a constitutional perspective, this conflict did not technically count as a war.

The U. Constitution grants Congress sole authority to issue declarations of war.

vietnam navy

Congress authorized troop deployment in Vietnam, but, because it did not issue a declaration of war on North Vietnam or the Viet Congthe Vietnam War is, technically speaking, not considered a war in the United States. The question of who won the Vietnam War has been a subject of debate, and the answer depends on the definition of victory. Those who argue that the United States won the war point to the fact that the U. They also assert that the U. Although North Vietnamese and Viet Cong casualty counts vary wildly, it is generally understood that they suffered several times the number of American casualties.

The United States entered Vietnam with the principal purpose of preventing a communist takeover of the region.

In that respect, it failed: the two Vietnams were united under a communist banner in July Neighbouring Laos and Cambodia similarly fell to communists. Furthermore, domestic unrest and the financial cost of war made peace—and troop withdrawals—a necessity, not a choice.

At the heart of the conflict was the desire of North Vietnam, which had defeated the French colonial administration of Vietnam into unify the entire country under a single communist regime modeled after those of the Soviet Union and China. The South Vietnamese government, on the other hand, fought to preserve a Vietnam more closely aligned with the West.

By more thanU. Meanwhile, the Soviet Union and China poured weapons, supplies, and advisers into the North, which in turn provided support, political direction, and regular combat troops for the campaign in the South.

The costs and casualties of the growing war proved too much for the United States to bear, and U.Women in the Vietnam War served as soldiers, health workers, and in news-gathering capacities. Nearly all of them were volunteers, and 90 percent served as military nurses, though women also worked as physicians, air traffic controllers, intelligence officers, clerks and other positions in the U. In addition to women in the armed forces, an unknown number of civilian women served in Vietnam on behalf of the Red Cross, United Service Organizations USOCatholic Relief Services and other humanitarian organizations, or as foreign correspondents for various news organizations.

The great majority of the military women who served in Vietnam were nurses. All were volunteers, and they ranged from recent college graduates in their early 20s to seasoned career women in their 40s.

Members of the Army Nurse Corps arrived in Vietnam as early aswhen they were tasked with training the South Vietnamese in nursing skills. As the American military presence in South Vietnam increased beginning in the early s, so did that of the Army Nurse Corps. From March to Marchwhen the last Army nurses left Vietnam, some 5, would serve in the conflict. Five female Army nurses died over the course of the war, including year-old Lieutenant Colonel Annie Ruth Graham, who served as a military nurse in both World War II and Korea before Vietnam and suffered a stroke in August ; and First Lieutenant Sharon Ann Lane, who died from shrapnel wounds suffered in an attack on the hospital where she was working in June Colonel Graham is one of eight women whose names are listed on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Walla monument designed by year-old female college student Maya Lin.

Early on, the U. Army resisted sending women other than nurses to Vietnam. At its peak inWAC presence in Vietnam numbered some 20 officers and enlisted women. WACs filled noncombat positions in U.

Army headquarters in Saigon and other bases in South Vietnam; a number received decorations for meritorious service. No WACs died during the conflict.

vietnam navy

Members of the U. Navy Nurse Corps also played an important role in the conflict beginning in Armed Forces to receive that award in the Vietnam War. Apart from nurses, only nine Navy women—all officers—served in Vietnam, including Lieutenant Elizabeth G.

Wylie, who worked in the Command Information Center on the staff of the Commander of Naval Forces in Saigon beginning in June ; and Commander Elizabeth Barrett, who in November became the first female naval line officer to hold command in a combat zone.

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Women also served as members of the U. Captain Mary Therese Klinker, one of the eight military women killed in Vietnam, was the flight nurse on the U. The plane had been on a mission for Operation Babylift, which placed Southeast Asian orphans with families in the United States; some people were killed in the crash, including many Vietnamese children and a number of female civilians working for U. The U. Marine Corps had a more limited female presence in Vietnam, as until only 60 female marines were permitted to serve overseas, with most of those stationed in Hawaii.

From toa total of 28 enlisted Marine women and eight officers served in Vietnam at various times. In addition to the U. Marines outside Chu Lai in November These individuals earned the Navy Medal of Honor during the period specified.

Their names are followed by their rank and rate, if known, the date of the action and the vessel or unit on which they served.

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BallardUnited States Navy. For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty on 16 May while serving as a Corpsman with Company M, 3d Battalion, 4th Marines, 3d Marine Division in connection with operations against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Vietnam. After treating and evacuating two heat casualties, Petty Officer Ballard was returning to his platoon from the evacuation landing zone when the company was ambushed by a North Vietnamese Army unit employing automatic weapons and mortars, and sustained numerous casualties.

Observing a wounded Marine, Petty Officer Ballard unhesitatingly moved across the fire- swept terrain to the injured man and swiftly rendered medical assistance to his comrade.

Petty Officer Ballard then directed four Marines to carry the casualty to a position of relative safety. As the four men prepared to move the wounded Marine, an enemy soldier suddenly left his concealed position and, after hurling a hand grenade which landed near the casualty, commenced firing upon the small group of men.

Instantly shouting a warning to the Marines, Petty Officer Ballard fearlessly threw himself upon the lethal explosive device to protect his comrades from the deadly blast. When the grenade failed to detonate, he calmly arose from his dangerous position and resolutely continued his determined efforts in treating other Marine casualties.

Petty Officer Ballard's heroic actions and selfless concern for the welfare of his companions served to inspire all who observed him and prevented possible injury or death to his fellow Marines. His courage, daring initiative, and unwavering devotion to duty in the face of extreme personal danger, sustain and enhance the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as Chaplain of the 3d Battalion, 5th Marines, 1st Marine Division ReinforcedFleet Marine Force, in connection with operations against enemy forces in Quang Tin Province, Republic of Vietnam on 4 September In response to reports that the 2d Platoon of M Company was in danger of being overrun by a massed enemy assaulting force, Lieutenant Capodanno left the relative safety of the Company Command Post and ran through an open area raked with fire, directly to the beleaguered platoon.

Disregarding the intense enemy small-arms, automatic-weapons, and mortar fire, he moved about the battlefield administering last rites to the dying and giving medical aid to the wounded.

When an exploding mortar round inflicted painful multiple wounds to his arms and legs, and severed a portion of his right hand, he steadfastly refused all medical aid. Instead, he directed the corpsmen to help their wounded comrades and, with calm vigor, continued to move about the battlefield as he provided encouragement by voice and example to the valiant Marines. Upon encountering a wounded corpsman in the direct line of fire of an enemy machine gun positioned approximately fifteen yards away, Lieutenant Capodanno rushed forward in a daring attempt to aid and assist the mortally wounded corpsman.

At that instant, only inches from his goal, he was struck down by a burst of machine gun fire. By his heroic conduct on the battlefield, and his inspiring example, Lieutenant Capodanno upheld the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life in the cause of freedom. CaronUnited States Navy.

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty on 28 July while serving as Platoon Corpsman with Company K, 3d Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division during combat operations against enemy forces in the Republic of Vietnam.


While on a sweep through an open rice field in Quang Nam Province, Petty Officer Caron's unit started receiving enemy small-arms fire. Upon seeing two Marine casualties fall, he immediately ran forward to render first aid, but found that they were dead.

At this time, the platoon was taken under intense small-arms and automatic-weapons fire, sustaining additional casualties. As he moved to the aid of his wounded comrades, Petty Officer Caron was hit in the arm by enemy fire. Although knocked to the ground, he regained his feet and continued to the injured Marines.

He rendered medical assistance to the first Marine he reached, who was grievously wounded, and undoubtedly was instrumental in saving the man's life. Petty Officer Caron then ran toward the second wounded Marine, but was again hit by enemy fire, this time in the leg. Nonetheless, he crawled the remaining distance and provided medical aid for this severely wounded man.Remembering Vietnam is an exhibit at the National Archives in Washington, DC, on display from November 10,through February 28,featuring records related to 12 critical episodes in the Vietnam War.

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These include photographs, textual and electronic records, audiovisual recordings, exhibits, educational resources, articles, blog posts, lectures, and events. Find primary sources and activities for teaching about the Vietnam War on DocsTeach, the online tool for teaching with documents from the National Archives.

Vietnam Veterans may request their DD forms. Explore more records, information, articles and resources at the National Archives organized by subject area.

Journey through events with select records from the National Archives Catalog. Help make records more discoverable by tagging and transcribing in the National Archives Catalog. Learn more on the Citizen Archivist Dashboard.

vietnam navy

Help us transcribe the captions and tag features in these black and white photographs of Marine Corps activities in Vietnam. Discover more Vietnam War resources from the National Archives, or contact us to plan a research visit.

Top Skip to main content. What's Happening? Learn about our current programs and exhibits related to the Vietnam War. Education Find primary sources and activities for teaching about the Vietnam War on DocsTeach, the online tool for teaching with documents from the National Archives.

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In Country. The War at Home. Post-Conflict Events. Marine Corps Activities in Vietnam Help us transcribe the captions and tag features in these black and white photographs of Marine Corps activities in Vietnam. What are people asking on History Hub?This department has performed both research and training to prepare for combat missions.

The primary mission of the Navy was to patrol the coastal areas and the inland waterways. The second attack, which the United States claimed to have occurred on 4 August, was dismissed by the North Vietnamese as a fabrication.

The North Vietnamese, however, had maintained their own version of the events which took place. In response to American provocation, three K-class torpedo boats from the th Torpedo Boat Battalion were dispatched to intercept the American destroyer. On 31 Octobera sea route version of the Ho Chi Minh trail was established by the Navy, with the th Transport Unit responsible for carrying military supplies and other goods for the Communist ground forces in South Vietnam.

To avoid detection by the South Vietnamese and U. S navies, North Vietnamese transport ships were often disguised as fishing trawlers. During this battle it was believed that the U. S Navy destroyed a Soviet-made cruise missile for the first time. In the years following the complete withdrawal of U. S and other allied forces, the North Vietnamese went back on the offensive. As part of the Ho Chi Minh Campaignthe Navy increased the transportation of military supplies, food and uniform to the Communist forces in the South.

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These islands are also claimed by Vietnam, however they have no current presence there. Prior tothe Navy operated fewer than forty patrol boats along with the coastal junk force. Captured vessels included two patrol frigates, over one hundred patrol craft, and about fifty amphibious warfare ships.

In the late s the naval infantry or marines was formed to be stationed on the areas claimed by the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in the Spratly Islands.

The battle was won by the PLAN who outgunned and outnumbered them, using a fleet of frigates against Vietnamese lightly armed transport ships.

vietnam navy

This prompted the Navy to modernise its weapons and its overall naval capabilities. Inthey were renamed as the following naval regions:.

Officer ranks use the executive curl on the sleeves of their service and full dress blue uniforms, similar to those used in various navies worldwide. Students include both undergraduates and postgraduates serving in the military. The school renamed itself the Naval Academy in After 55 years of development, combat and growth, the academy has trained thousands of officers and technical staff for major specialised fields such as vessel control, mining and anti-mine operations, anti-submarine missiles, gunships, information, radar, sonar, coastal radar, shipyard work, the Coast Guard, and Border Defence Force.

The current total manpower of the navy is around 50, officers and enlisted personnel, including naval infantry and other specialised units. Main article: List of equipment of the Vietnam People's Navy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Naval history of Vietnam. Further information: Republic of Vietnam Navy.

See also: Vietnamese military ranks and insignia. See also: Vietnamese military academies. Retrieved 21 May People's Army of Vietnam. Militaries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. Book Category Asia portal. Hidden categories: Webarchive template wayback links Articles with short description EngvarB from November Use dmy dates from November Articles containing Vietnamese-language text. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.The Vietnam War was a long, costly and divisive conflict that pitted the communist government of North Vietnam against South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States.

More than 3 million people including over 58, Americans were killed in the Vietnam War, and more than half of the dead were Vietnamese civilians. Communist forces ended the war by seizing control of South Vietnam inand the country was unified as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam the following year. Vietnam, a nation in Southeast Asia on the eastern edge of the Indochinese peninsula, had been under French colonial rule since the 19th century. Seeking to regain control of the region, France backed Emperor Bao and set up the state of Vietnam in Julywith the city of Saigon as its capital.

Both sides wanted the same thing: a unified Vietnam. But while Ho and his supporters wanted a nation modeled after other communist countries, Bao and many others wanted a Vietnam with close economic and cultural ties to the West. The Vietnam War and active U. The French loss at the battle ended almost a century of French colonial rule in Indochina.

The subsequent treaty signed in July at a Geneva conference split Vietnam along the latitude known as the 17th Parallel 17 degrees north latitudewith Ho in control in the North and Bao in the South. The treaty also called for nationwide elections for reunification to be held in Eisenhower had pledged his firm support to Diem and South Vietnam. Though the NLF claimed to be autonomous and that most of its members were not communists, many in Washington assumed it was a puppet of Hanoi.

A team sent by President John F. Kennedy in to report on conditions in South Vietnam advised a build-up of American military, economic and technical aid in order to help Diem confront the Viet Cong threat. Bythe U. A coup by some of his own generals succeeded in toppling and killing Diem and his brother, Ngo Dinh Nhu, in Novemberthree weeks before Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas.

Congress soon passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolutionwhich gave Johnson broad war-making powers, and U. The bombing campaign was meant to disrupt the flow of supplies across the Ho Chi Minh trail into Vietnam and to prevent the rise of the Pathet Lao, or Lao communist forces. The U. In MarchJohnson made the decision—with solid support from the American public—to send U.

By June, 82, combat troops were stationed in Vietnam, and military leaders were calling formore by the end of to shore up the struggling South Vietnamese army. Despite the concerns of some of his advisers about this escalation, and about the entire war effort amid a growing anti-war movementJohnson authorized the immediate dispatch oftroops at the end of July and anotherin In contrast to the air attacks on North Vietnam, the U.

Westmoreland pursued a policy of attrition, aiming to kill as many enemy troops as possible rather than trying to secure territory.

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